Today, youth bullying has become a major public health issue in America. Bullying, a form of youth violence, is defined as any unwanted aggressive behavior(s) by another youth or group of youths who are not siblings or current dating partners that involves an observed or perceived power imbalance and is repeated multiple times or is highly likely to be repeated.
Bullying affects everyone—and can result in physical injury, social and emotional distress, poor education outcomes, alcohol and drug use, sexual risk behaviors, and even death for those who are bullied. Youth who bully others are also at increased risk for substance use, academic problems, and violence later in adolescence and adulthood. And those who are bully-victims, i.e., those who bully and get bullied, suffer even greater consequences and risk for both mental health and behavior problems.