TODAY IN BLACK HISTORY: October 1

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Fannie M. Richards was born (1841). She became an educator and civil rights activist.

Black and white abolitionists smashed into a courtroom at Syracuse, NY, and rescued a fugitive slave (1851).

John Mercer Langston founded and organized the Law Department of Howard University (1868), the first in a black school.

Morgan State College was founded in Maryland (1872).

Kentucky State College is founded in Frankfort, KY (1886).

The first major nationwide black union founded, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, by A. Phillip Randolph (1935).

Donnie Hathaway, singer, born (1945).

Police Chief Willie L. Williams was born (1943). He is the first Black man to head the Los Angeles police force.

California Supreme Court voided state statue banning interracial marriages (1948).

Twenty-fourth Infantry Regiment, last of all-Black units military units authorized by Congress in 1866, deactivated in Korea (1951).

The “the gatekeeper of prose” Juanita James was born (1952).Black Panther party founded in Oakland, CA by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale.

Joe Black became the first black pitcher to win a World Series game. The Dodgers defeated the New York Yankees 4-2. Black was also the Rookie of the Year (1952).

Black Panther Party founded in Oakland (Calif.) by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale (1966).

Soccer great Pele retires (1977).

Take a look at some more moments in Black History below:

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